The Nazi Party’s rise to power in 1933 fractured the lives of these women. Between 1933 - 1939 they fled from mainland Europe to Britain. Like all refugees they endured the trauma of forced migration, losing livelihoods, loved ones and identity.
Through remarkable endurance and creativity, these outsider photographers were able to rebuild their lives and inspire a new era of photography in Britain.
[Left] Erika Koch, Portrait of Otto Umbehr (Umbo)
[Right] Otto Umbehr, Portrait of Erika Koch
Berlin, circa 1930
© Erika Koch Archive